The condition ulcerative colitis refers to a type of inflammatory bowel disease in which there is a significant amount of digestive tract inflammation. This is often a key cause of pain in the abdomen and diarrhea. It is a debilitating condition that can have life-threatening complications in some people.
Understanding Ulcerative Colitis
The condition impacts the innermost lining of the colon, or large intestine, and the rectum. Ulcerative colitis occurs when the colon must stretch continuously creating an even layer of inflammation spanning most of this area. There is no cure for this condition, but your ulcerative colitis doctor in Brooklyn can offer treatment options to ease symptoms in most situations.
There are several types of ulcerative colitis including:
- Ulcerative proctitis: A type that impacts just the rectum and causes rectal bleeding. Some people have rectal pain and an urgent feeling to use the bathroom. It can also cause an inability to move the bowels.
- Left-side colitis: This version creates inflammation that is located on the left side of the sigmoid and descending colon. The most common symptoms include diarrhea with blood, cramping, weight loss, and pain.
- Pancolitis: This condition creates intermittent bouts of diarrhea that range in severity. Fatigue, weight loss, night sweats, and cramping are common.
- Fulminant colitis: In this form, which is a much more rare condition, individuals will have colitis that impacts the entire colon. It creates severe pain and diarrhea. It can be life threatening when it leads to severe dehydration and shock. Complications here include ruptures of the colon and toxic megacolon, a life-threatening condition.
Individuals who suffer from ulcerative colitis need to monitor their condition with the help of a Brooklyn gastroenterologist.